Mindfulness is an ancient Buddhist practice, which has profound relevance for our present day lives. This relevance has nothing to do with Buddhism per se or with becoming a Buddhist, but it has everything to do with waking up and living in harmony with oneself and with the world. It has to do with examining who we are, with questioning our view of the world and our place in it, and with cultivating some appreciation for the fullness of each moment we are alive. Most of all, it has to do with being in touch…
…Mindfulness means paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally. This kind of attention nurtures greater awareness, clarity, and acceptance of present-moment reality. It wakes us up to the fact that our lives unfold only in moments. If we are not fully present for many of those moments, we may not only miss what is most valuable in our lives but also fail to realize the richness and the depth of our possibilities for growth, and transformation…
…When we commit ourselves to paying attention in an open way, without falling prey to our own likes and dislikes, opinions and prejudices, projections and- expectations, new possibilities open up and we have a chance to free ourselves from the straitjacket of unconsciousness. I like to think of mindfulness simply as the art of conscious living. You don’t have to be a Buddhist or a yogi to practice it. In fact, if you know anything about Buddhism, you will know that the most important point is to be yourself and not try to become anything that you are not already. Buddhism is fundamentally about being in touch with your own deepest nature and letting it flow out of you unimpeded. It has to do with waking up and seeing things as they are. In fact, the word “Buddha” simply means one who has awakened to his or her own true nature.
– Jon Kabat-Zinn
Studies on meditation flourished, including cardiologist Herbert Benson’s (1975) use of meditation to treat heart disease. Clinical psychology kept pace with numerous articles on meditation as an adjunct to psychotherapy or a s psychotherapy itself (Smith, 1975). In 1977, the American Psychiatric Association called for an examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The majority of the journal articles at the time studied concentration meditation, such a s transcendental meditation and Benson’s program. In the last 10 years, the preponderance of studies has switched to mindfulness meditation (Smith, 2004). Jon Kabat-Zinn established the Center for Mindfulness in 1979, at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, to treat chronic conditions which physicians could offer no further help. Over 15,000 patients have completed this mindfulness-based stress reduction program (MBSR), not counting participants in over 250 MBSR programs around the world (Davidson & Kabat-Zinn, 2004).
And exciting, more recent area of integration for mindfulness and psychotherapy is in scientifically validated, mindulness-based interventions. The original impetus seems to stem from the pioneering work of Kabat-Zinn’s (1990) MBSR program and Marsha Linehan’s Zen-inspired dialectical behavior therapy (1993a). The publication by Teasdale et al. in 2000 of an effective mindfulness-based treatment for chronic depression kindled interest in mindfulness among cognitive-behavioral researchers. The potential of these mindfulness and acceptance-based approaches is ushering in a new wave of empirically based treatments for familiar problems…
Adopted from: Mindfulness and Psychotherapy (2005) by Christopher K. Germer, Ronald D. Siegel., and Paul R. Fulton.
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT), also called Solution-Focused Therapy, Solution-Building Practice therapy was developed by Steve de Shazer (1940-2005), and Insoo Kim Berg (1934-2007) and their colleagues beginning in the late 1970’s in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. As the name suggests, SFBT is future-focused, goal-directed, and focuses on solutions, rather than on the problems that brought clients to seek therapy.
The entire solution-focused approach was developed inductively in an inner city outpatient mental health service setting in which clients were accepted without previous screening. The developers of SFBT spent hundreds of hours observing therapy sessions over the course several years, carefully noting the therapists’ questions, behaviors, and emotions that occurred during the session and how the various activities of the therapists affected the clients and the therapeutic outcome of the sessions. Questions and activities related to clients’ report of progress were preserved and incorporated into the SFBT approach.
Since that early development, SFBT has not only become one of the leading schools of brief therapy, it has become a major influence in such diverse fields as business, social policy, education, and criminal justice services, child welfare, domestic violence offenders treatment. Described as a practical, goal-driven model, a hallmark of SFBT is its emphasis on clear, concise, realistic goal negotiations. The SFBT approach assumes that all clients have some knowledge of what would make their life better, even though they may need some (at times, considerable) help describing the details of their better life and that everyone who seeks help already possesses at least the minimal skills necessary to create solutions.
Adopted from: http://www.solutionfocused.net/solutionfocusedtherapy.html